The Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives (ICFA) at Dunbarton Oaks have recently made available online fourteen films from their collection. Of greatest interest to Courtauld staff and students will be those dealing with the restoration and conservation, during the first half of the twentieth century, of Byzantine art and architecture at the Red Sea Monastery of Saint Anthony near Cairo and Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii in Istanbul.
The restoration work was carried out by the Byzantine Institute of America under the direction of the archaeologist and scholar Thomas Whittemore. The work at the Hagia Sophia and Kariye Camii was enabled by Whitemore’s friendship with Mustafa Ataturk, founder of the Republic of Turkey. At the Hagia Sophia, many mosaics previously thought lost in the earthquake of 1894 were uncovered and Laurian Douthett suggests that this may have led to the conversion of the mosque into a museum. The films provide a fascinating early use of the medium to document the restoration process as well as giving a glimpse of life in Turkey in the 1930s and 1940s.
Whittemore’s four volume preliminary reports on the mosaics of St. Sophia at Istanbul can be found in the Book Library at classmark A3780 BYZ. An exhibition catalogue from the Wallach Art Gallery at Columbia University detailing the Byzantine Institute restoration at Kariye Camii can be found at Z5020 NEW WAL (2004).
Another film gives an insight into the history of the garden at Dunbarton Oaks. The aging 16mm films were themselves in need of urgent conservation which resulted in their digitisation and publishing on the Dumbarton Oaks website.
All images are courtesy of the Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives (ICFA) at Dunbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.Categories: Online resources | Tags: Byzantium, Conservation, Dunbarton Oaks, E-resources, film, Hagia Sophia, Kariye Camii, Mosaics, Red Sea Monastery, Restoration | Comments Off
Choosing a ‘favourite thing’ from the Book Library is very difficult because we have such a wealth of items in our Special Collections and also on our main shelves. Since I began working here I have come across tiny, fragile exhibition catalogues from 1900 onwards, letters written by Roosevelt, a completely square book in its own box, a scrapbook of fashion plate cuttings and much more. It’s hard to whittle down these items to just one, but eventually I chose our two volumes of the 1895 edition of Edmund Spenser’s The Faerie Queene, edited by Thomas J. Wise, with wonderful illustrations by Walter Crane.
The Faerie Queene (1590-1596) sometimes known as Faery Queen, is the best known work of the poet Edmund Spenser (c. 1552/3 – 1599.) It is an epically long, allegorical poem that, although never actually finished, was intended to span twelve volumes. It contains many allusions to members of the Elizabethan court, and can be seen as a celebration of Elizabeth I’s might and Elizabethan culture. It encompasses knights, damsels, magicians, (even Merlin!) monsters and mythical beings. In the poem, Spenser uses a unique rhyme scheme, now known as a ‘Spenserian stanza,’ which was later adopted by Romantic figureheads such as Byron and Keats.
But what makes these particular volumes stand out for me is the illustrations by Walter Crane, especially as I have been an admirer of his work for some time. Walter Crane (1845-1915) was an Arts and Crafts engraver and illustrator. He is best known for his whimsical, finely-executed illustrations of children’s books, including Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves (1873) Baby’s Own Aesop (1887) Arthurian Legends and Oscar Wilde’s The Happy Prince and Other Stories (1888).
Crane’s illustrations for Faerie Queene are stylized, painstakingly detailed and vivid in colour and execution, even after all these years. The cover illustration for both volumes features a graceful woman in a stylized garden, standing next to a lion against a bold red background. Each blade of grass and each trailing leaf of the foliage behind her can clearly be seen, and the style bears strong echoes of William Morris’s work. This may not be a coincidence, as Crane was involved in the Arts and Crafts movement and was also friends with Morris. (Morris even turned one of Crane’s designs into a tapestry.) His illustrations also appear to be influenced by the style of medieval and illuminated manuscripts, with pensive, chivalrous figures and intertwined flowers decorating their margins.
Our volumes are from the library of the fashion designer Stella Mary Newton, and this fashion angle can arguably be seen in Crane’s cover depiction of the intricate folds of the woman’s gown, corresponding with the thick drapery of the lion’s mane, and the fish-scale or amour-like embellishments on her sleeves. Crane himself was also interested in fashion, and designed dresses, costumes and even sandals. You can really see the imaginative quality to Crane’s work, especially in the whimsical expressions and gestures of his figures and their stylized androgyny. The frontispiece for Part VIII even depicts a rather forlorn-looking unicorn!
The rarity of these volumes is suggested in its limited run of just 1000 copies, and in the use of unbleached, handmade and rather delicate paper. I think it is amazing that this work has remained in such good condition, and I hope that it will be continue to be used and appreciated by Courtauldians for many years to come.
Spenser’s Faerie Queene edited by Thomas J. Wise ; illustrations by Walter Crane. Part VII and Part XIV. Published by George Allen, 1895-97.
Classmark: CABS Z7483 SPE OVERSIZE. (Reference Only.)
Related items from our collections
- The Allegory of The Faerie Queene by M. Pauline Parker, 1960. (Z7483.SPE PAR: criticism and interpretation)
- Walter Crane: the arts and crafts, painting, and politics, 1875-1890 by Morna O’Neill, 2010. (D497 CRA SPE.)
- Edmund Spenser’s ‘The Faerie Queene’ -an exhibition on the occasion of the four-hundredth anniversary of its publication (Z5020 PRI UNI: exhibition catalogue)
- Walter Crane by Isobel Spencer, 1975.
Spenser Online: Cambridge University’s Edmund Spenser Webpage:
Spenser’s The Faerie Queene on Project Guttenberg:
Edmund Spencer biography at The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:
http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/26145?docPos=1 (Athens login details needed)
The Walter Crane Archive Project at the University of Manchester:
Walter Crane Biography and Image Gallery:
Walter Crane biography at Grove Art Online:
http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T020135?q=walter+crane (Athens login details needed)Categories: CABS, Courtauld Book Library, Uncategorized | Tags: Arts & Crafts, bookplate, Books, Edmund Spenser, Special collections, Walter Crane, William Morris | Comments Off
The Library’s card indexes are no longer heavily used and understandably, as they have not been updated since 1992. Nevertheless, if you aim to gather as much information on a specific artist as possible, it would be unwise to ignore the name index of artists located to the left rear of the space occupied by the photocopiers and online public access catalogues (OPACS).
Although the Aleph online catalogue should always be your first option, do remember that some of the library’s pre-1992 non English language material has yet to be added.
As an A-Z name index, it enables you not only to quickly locate the required artist, but also indicates whether the artist worked in more than one medium, and if so, where (approximately) on the shelves you might find a relevant book.
To summarise, you would not expect to find mention of Grayson Perry, Ai Wei Wei or Banksy in the name index but suppose you were researching the Dutch artist Anton Mauve (1838-1888). The Aleph catalogue gives you two references to exhibition catalogues but no reference to the book at D653 M by E.P. Engel. This demonstrates the value of searching both name index and online catalogue.
As a general rule, the more obscure the artist and the less written in English, the more likely the name index will help. For certain artists, only the name index will work, e.g. Jan Wouwerman (Dutch) or Boguslav Zivkovic.
Assistant Librarian (Cataloguing / Short Loans)
Categories: Card catalogue, Courtauld Book Library | Tags: Books, Card catalogue, Name Index of Artists | Comments Off
17 December 2012 – 22 September 2013
The following exhibition may be of interest to Courtauld students, especially those in the Conservation and Technology Department. The V&A is holding a temporary display looking at recent research on some of the Museum’s European paintings- in particular 11 Italian, French and Netherlandish paintings created between the early 15th and early 19th centuries- including work by Tintoretto. During a recent research programme that lasted 2 years, 200 of the museum’s paintings, were, as they say on their site, re-attributed or re-identified.
The culmination of this research is this display, which goes into detail on the methods and techniques used by researchers to examine the oil paintings, connoisseurship (i.e. close examination,) ‘documentary research and technical analysis.’ The 11 paintings featured act as case studies to provide a ‘step-by-step’ introduction to technical art history and conservation. Interestingly, the paintings will also be displayed with X-radiographs and infra-red photographs. This display is free and open to all. It is held in the Julie and Robert Breckman Prints & Drawings Gallery, Room 90. Please see http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/r/research-on-paintings-technical-art-history-and-connoisseurship/ for more information.
Other useful links
V&A Conservation Journal Online
(The most recent issue can be found here: http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/journals/conservation-journal/spring-2012-issue-60/)
Preserving intangible integrity
The conservation and technical examination of Bernadino Fungai’s Virgin and Child with Two Saints
Oil Painting: Materials and Techniques
http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/o/oil-painting-materials-techniques/Categories: External events and exhibitions | Tags: Conservation, London Exhibitions, Preservation, Technical examination, V&A, Victoria and Albert Museum | Comments Off
Several resources of art historical interest have recently become available online, with a special relevance to those studying British art history.
The Royal Academy Winter Exhibition catalogues from 1870 to 1939 have been digitised and are now available on the Royal Academy of Arts Collections website. When the Royal Academy moved from Somerset House (the same premises now occupied by the Courtauld Institute of Art) to its current home in Burlington House it initiated the series of winter loan exhibitions to complement the already well-established summer exhibition. It was these winter exhibitions that would eventually grow into the current blockbuster exhibition programme.
Browsing this online resource allows you to see the evolution of the catalogues from simple lists of works to fully illustrated publications with scholarly introductory essays as well as sometimes fascinatingly of-their-era advertisements. The interface is intuitive and you can search the full text of each catalogue, cross-search all the catalogues at once or consult the cumulative indices. The Courtauld Book Library also has a large number of the original exhibition catalogues in hard copy.
The Walpole Society have recently published their guide to British Art History Resources. The guide spans both well know resources, such as the Burlington Magazine online index, and the more obscure, such as a blog about British picture frames. While not comprehensive, the guide is a useful starting point which gives a clear and well-structured overview of a range of important sites for individual artists, thematic research, collections, sales catalogues or aids for finding primary materials, such as archives of art historical interest. The guide includes only resources that are freely available on the internet so does not cover some of the Courtauld’s relevant subscription resources, such as the Bibliography of British and Irish History or the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
One of the resources highlighted by the guide is the newly launched Understanding British Portraits website, the product of a research network of professionals working in the field. Among the most useful sections are a selection of toolkits giving guidance on interpretation and how to research portraits as well as providing guidance for museum professionals on developing learning and participation programmes. Other features include a blog, events news, and research funding opportunities as well as an enquiry service where users can upload an image and receive expert advice as to attribution, sitter identity and provenance. The ability to browse through previous enquiries as well as the inclusion of links to case studies and research papers make this a valuable addition for researchers at all levels.
These and other freely available resources that may be of interest to Courtauld staff and students are listed on our useful links page. If you’d like to make a suggestion please send it to serials (at) Courtauld (dot) ac (dot) uk.Categories: Online resources | Tags: British Art, E-resources, Portraits, Royal Academy, Walpole Society, Winter Exhibition | Comments Off
The cataloguing of the John Shearman library is proceeding apace and a jewel of the library is his Raphael collection. The Raphael books number just over 250 volumes and are, except for the occasional stray volume, fully catalogued. The collection encompasses second copies of many of the books we already have but, more importantly, there are a lot of titles for which I was unable to find other copies in the UK and, in very rare cases, was not able to find other copies anywhere.
There are multiple editions in English, French, Italian and German of staple 19th-century Raphael biographies by Quatremère de Quincy, Passavant, Müntz, and Crowe & Cavalcaselle. There are early copies of Carl Ruland’s catalogue of Raphael works in the Royal Collection, as well as an 18th-century catalogue of engravings after the Raphael cartoons also in the Royal Collection.
Bellori’s 1695 Descrizzione delle imagini dipinte da Rafaelle d’Urbino nelle camere del Palazzo Apostolico Vaticano has an interesting provenance, having been part of the libraries of two reknowned 19th-century bibliophiles, Gustavo Galletti and Baron Horace de Landau at Villa-Landau-Finaly, both in Florence.
And the Le pitture delle Stanze Vaticane di Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, published in 1838 in Rome, bears the evidence of provenance by at least 4 art historians – A.E. Popham, Jim Byam Shaw, John Gere and, of course, John Shearman. What a pedigree!
About 20% of the Raphael books were published before 1900, including my favourite paper binding, on the Elogio storico di Raffaello Santi, 1829, which complement our later editions and reprints. We are able to see how the views of scholars have changed and how earlier scholars’ own works have been reinterpreted in the 20th-century, gaining a fuller picture of Raphael scholarship almost right up to the present.
Where a Shearman book is a duplicate of reference books we have on the open shelves, we are making the open shelves copies available for loan, so some important texts can be taken home now, but we still have a reference copy in the Special Collections.
This collection is already being used, judging from the number of slips for books waiting to be reshelved and we hope it complements all our material on the artist and for the broader study of Renaissance art. If you are interested in viewing the records for the John Shearman’s Raphael collection on the library catalogue, you need to select the multi-field search option and use the drop-down menus to isolate search words such as Collection code – SPECL and Former owner, provenance – Shearman, and combine them with Raphael in the Any words field (see search below). Once you know the books you would like to see, you can complete request forms at the issue desk.
Special Collections Librarian
Shearman Project cataloguer
We are pleased to announce our subscription to the online version of the Benezit Dictionary of Artists.
Benezit comprises approximately 170,000 artist entries. In addition to biographical information, many records also includes signatures, auction records, holding institutions and exhibition history. While Benezit aspires to universal coverage, it is especially strong on 19th and 20th century artists.
Only available in English since 2006, it is newly available online. Since its original publication in 1911 Emmanuel Bénézit’s Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs has been continuously updated and now includes biographies of artists working in all media. It is also noteworthy for its coverage of East Asian Art. As well as offsite access, advantages of the online edition include the availability of advanced search options, such as searching by gender, museum holdings or image searches for signatures and stamps of sale.
The site also includes thematic guides to subjects such as British Visual Satire, however these are much less numerous than the biographical articles.
Benezit complements our existing subscription to Grove Art Online (formerly the Grove / Macmillan Dictionary of Art). As Benezit is part of Oxford Art Online it is possible to cross-search it concurrently with Grove.
Please note that both French and English language print editions are also available in our reference section at Z40 BEN along with other major reference works such as The Dictionary of Art (ed. Jane Turner, Z31 TUR) and Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon (Z40 ALL).
Categories: Online resources | Tags: Dictionaries, E-resources, Reference, Signatures | Comments Off
The staff of the Courtauld Book Library wish you happy holidays.
Christmas Opening Hours
Thursday 13th December 2012 to Friday the 4th of January 2013
Monday – Friday 10.30am – 5.30pm
We are closed from Tuesday 25th of December 2012 to Tuesday the 1st of January 2013 inclusive.
We resume term time opening hours on January the 7th of December.
Categories: Courtauld Book Library | Tags: academic year, Books, Christmas 2012 | Comments Off
Over the summer there has been a wealth of new and exciting exhibitions in and around London and internationally, and this is reflected in the recent acquisitions on show in our New Book Display. There is a variety of material on view, ranging from bold psychedelic art in the Sixties (Electrical Banana), a comprehensive collection of talks by well-known art historians, artists, curators and critics (The Secession Talks: Exhibitions in Conversation 1998 – 2010) with brilliant orange-red edged pages,to works on Warhol and Picasso. Some of the highlights include:
Peter Lely: A Lyrical Vision
The catalogue for the Courtauld Gallery’s current exhibition, Peter Lely: A Lyrical Vision is on the UK Exhibitions stand. This exhibition is an opportunity to see some of the most rare and enigmatic paintings of 17th century England, and will be on until the 13th of January. It looks at the early work of Peter Lely, (1618-1680) the celebrated portraitist. Lely was Charles II’s Principal Painter, but this exhibition looks instead at Lely’s early work- allegorical paintings of lush idyllic landscapes, shepherds, nymphs and musicians, painted after the turmoil of the Civil War. These works illustrate Lely’s initial ambition to become a painter of narrative scenes, yet they proved unpopular with his patrons, and he produced only thirty. The book jacket shows Lely’s The Concert, arguably one of Lely’s most personal and intriguing works, as the musician seated in the centre of the composition could well be Lely himself. Lely was influenced by artists such as Titian, and by the time of his death had a rich collection of Italian 16th and 17th drawings. A catalogue pertaining to this collection, dating from 1758, is available in our CABS (Closed Access Book Store) section.
Pre-Raphaelites: Victorian Avant-Garde
The current exhibition at Tate Britain, Pre-Raphaelites: Victorian Avant-Garde, brings to the fore some of the best-known and most iconic work of the Pre-Raphaelites, a self-styled ‘brotherhood’ of painters- led by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt-whose work revolutionized fine art with their heady use of symbolism, colour, and controversial subject matter such as poverty and prostitution. The book delves into the history and impact of the Pre-Raphaelites, from their work’s poor initial reception- after viewing Millais’s Christ in the House of His Parents, (1849-50)Charles Dickens dismissed the figure of Mary as ‘horrible in her ugliness’-to their present-day status as arguably highly influential artists.
Illustrated throughout with some of their most well-known works- such as John Everett Milliais’ Ophelia- the exhibition cataloguefocuses on the Pre-Raphaelites’ revolutionary techniques and ideas, their role in the Arts and Crafts movement, and their impact on society and art. It also includes essays by Diane Waggoner (author of The Pre-Raphaelite Lens, 2010, Z5020 WAS NAT) and Elizabeth Prettejohn (author of Art of the Pre-Raphaelites, 2000, D467 PRE.) We have a wide range of other material on both the Pre-Raphaelites and Peter Lely in our collections.
There are also new exhibition catalogues for exhibitions based in Liverpool, work on Hong Kong artists, Korean art and other interesting current exhibitions, so please take a look the next time you’re in the Book Library.
About the exhibition: Peter Lely: A Lyrical Vision
The Courtauld Gallery Blog (which includes additional information on The Concert and on curating the exhibition)
About the Tate Britain’s exhibition Pre-Raphaelites: Victorian Avant-Garde
Blog for Pre-Raphaelites: Victorian Avant-Garde (which includes an interesting ‘drawing/painting of the week’ feature)
Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery Preraphaelites Online Resource
The world’s largest Preraphaelite online collection: the extensive digital collection of Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery (over 3000 images) has been digitised, allowing users detailed access to their images and full record information.
-Eleanor Keane, Graduate Trainee Assistant.Categories: Courtauld Book Library, Exhibition catalogues, New books | Tags: Books | Comments Off
Welcome to the new home of The Courtauld Book Library Blog. We have been busy over the summer moving books in the main collection and in CABS, binding journals and having a general spring (summer) clean. We are getting ready to welcome the new Graduate Trainees when we reopen and you will see them around the library from the 3rd September. All of our previous blog posts are still available to you within the WordPress blog and you will see new posts over the coming months. Find contact details for each department and member of staff in the Contact us page and put a face to the name in our Meet the Staff page. We hope you are looking forward to the new academic year and look forward to seeing you at the beginning of term.Categories: Courtauld Book Library | Tags: academic year | Comments Off